PHYSICS 65: Quantum and Thermal Physics
(Third in a threepart advanced freshman physics series:
PHYSICS 61,
PHYSICS 63,
PHYSICS 65.) This course introduces the foundations of quantum and statistical mechanics for students with a strong high school mathematics and physics background, who are contemplating a major in Physics or Engineering Physics, or are interested in a rigorous treatment of physics. Quantum mechanics: atoms, electrons, nuclei. Quantization of light, Planck's constant. Photoelectric effect, Compton and Bragg scattering. Bohr model, atomic spectra. Matter waves, wave packets, interference. Fourier analysis and transforms, Heisenberg uncertainty relationships. Schrödinger equation, eigenfunctions and eigenvalues. Particleinabox, simple harmonic oscillator, barrier penetration, tunneling, WKB and approximate solutions. Timedependent and multidimensional solution concepts. Coulomb potential and hydrogen atom structure. Thermodynamics and statistical mechanics: ideal gas, equipartition, heat capacity. Pro
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(Third in a threepart advanced freshman physics series:
PHYSICS 61,
PHYSICS 63,
PHYSICS 65.) This course introduces the foundations of quantum and statistical mechanics for students with a strong high school mathematics and physics background, who are contemplating a major in Physics or Engineering Physics, or are interested in a rigorous treatment of physics. Quantum mechanics: atoms, electrons, nuclei. Quantization of light, Planck's constant. Photoelectric effect, Compton and Bragg scattering. Bohr model, atomic spectra. Matter waves, wave packets, interference. Fourier analysis and transforms, Heisenberg uncertainty relationships. Schrödinger equation, eigenfunctions and eigenvalues. Particleinabox, simple harmonic oscillator, barrier penetration, tunneling, WKB and approximate solutions. Timedependent and multidimensional solution concepts. Coulomb potential and hydrogen atom structure. Thermodynamics and statistical mechanics: ideal gas, equipartition, heat capacity. Probability, counting states, entropy, equilibrium, chemical potential. Laws of thermodynamics. Cycles, heat engines, free energy. Partition function, Boltzmann statistics, Maxwell speed distribution, ideal gas in a box, Einstein model. Quantum statistical mechanics: classical vs. quantum distribution functions, fermions vs. bosons. Prerequisites:
PHYSICS 61 &
PHYSICS 63. Pre or corequisite:
MATH 53 or
MATH 63CM or
MATH 63DM.
Terms: Spr

Units: 4

UG Reqs: GER: DBNatSci, WAYFR, WAYSMA

Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit
Instructors:
Gratta, G. (PI)
PHYSICS 70: Foundations of Modern Physics
Required for Physics or Engineering Physics majors who completed the PHYSICS 40 series. Introduction to special relativity: reference frames, MichelsonMorley experiment. Postulates of relativity, simultaneity, time dilation. Length contraction, the Lorentz transformation, causality. Doppler effect. Relativistic mechanics and mass, energy, momentum relations. Introduction to quantum physics: atoms, electrons, nuclei. Quantization of light, Planck constant. Photoelectric effect, Compton and Bragg scattering. Bohr model, atomic spectra. Matter waves, wave packets, interference. Fourier analysis and transforms, Heisenberg uncertainty relationships. Schrödinger equation, eigenfunctions and eigenvalues. Particleinabox, simple harmonic oscillator, barrier penetration, tunneling, WKB and approximate solutions. Timedependent and multidimensional solution concepts. Coulomb potential and hydrogen atom structure. Prerequisites:
PHYSICS 41,
PHYSICS 43. Pre or corequisite:
PHYSICS 45. Recommended: prior or concurrent registration in
MATH 53.
Terms: Aut

Units: 4

UG Reqs: GER: DBNatSci, WAYSMA

Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit
PHYSICS 83N: Physics in the 21st Century
Preference to freshmen. Current topics at the frontier of modern physics. This course provides an indepth examination of two of the biggest physics discoveries of the 21st century: that of the Higgs boson and Dark Energy. Through studying these discoveries we will explore the big questions driving modern particle physics, the study of nature's most fundamental pieces, and cosmology, the study of the evolution and nature of the universe. Questions such as: What is the universe made of? What are the most fundamental particles and how do they interact with each other? What can we learn about the history of the universe and what does it tell us about it's future? We will learn about the tools scientists use to study these questions such as the Large Hadron Collider and the Hubble Space Telescope. We will also learn to convey these complex topics in engaging and diverse terms to the general public through writing and reading assignments, oral presentations, and multimedia projects. The syl
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Preference to freshmen. Current topics at the frontier of modern physics. This course provides an indepth examination of two of the biggest physics discoveries of the 21st century: that of the Higgs boson and Dark Energy. Through studying these discoveries we will explore the big questions driving modern particle physics, the study of nature's most fundamental pieces, and cosmology, the study of the evolution and nature of the universe. Questions such as: What is the universe made of? What are the most fundamental particles and how do they interact with each other? What can we learn about the history of the universe and what does it tell us about it's future? We will learn about the tools scientists use to study these questions such as the Large Hadron Collider and the Hubble Space Telescope. We will also learn to convey these complex topics in engaging and diverse terms to the general public through writing and reading assignments, oral presentations, and multimedia projects. The syllabus includes a tour of SLAC, the site of many major 20th century particle discoveries, and a virtual visit of the control room of the ATLAS experiment at CERN amongst other activities. No prior knowledge of physics is necessary; all voices are welcome to contribute to the discussion about these big ideas. Learning Goals: By the end of the quarter you will be able to explain the major questions that drive particle physics and cosmology to your friends and peers. You will understand how scientists study the impossibly small and impossibly large and be able to convey this knowledge in clear and concise terms.
Terms: Spr

Units: 3

UG Reqs: GER: DBNatSci, WAYSMA

Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit
Instructors:
Tompkins, L. (PI)
PHYSICS 100: Introduction to Observational Astrophysics
Designed for undergraduate physics majors but open to all students with a calculusbased physics background and some laboratory and coding experience. Students make and analyze observations using the telescopes at the Stanford Student Observatory. Topics covered include navigating the night sky, the physics of stars and galaxies, telescope instrumentation and operation, imaging and spectroscopic techniques, quantitative error analysis, and effective scientific communication. The course concludes with an independent project where student teams propose and execute an observational astronomy project of their choosing, using techniques learned in class to gather and analyze their data, and presenting their findings in the forms of professionalstyle oral presentations and research papers. Enrollment by permission. To get a permission number please complete form:
http://web.stanford.edu/~elva/physics100prelim.fb If you have not heard from us by the beginning of class, please come to the first class session.
Terms: Spr

Units: 4

UG Reqs: GER: DBNatSci, WAYAQR, WAYSMA

Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)
Instructors:
Macintosh, B. (PI)
PHYSICS 105: Intermediate Physics Laboratory I: Analog Electronics
Analog electronics including Ohm's law, passive circuits and transistor and op amp circuits, emphasizing practical circuit design skills to prepare undergraduates for laboratory research. Short design project. Minimal use of math and physics, no electronics experience assumed beyond introductory physics. Prerequisite:
PHYSICS 43 or
PHYSICS 63.
Terms: Aut

Units: 4

UG Reqs: GER: DBNatSci, WAYAQR, WAYSMA

Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit
PHYSICS 110: Advanced Mechanics (PHYSICS 210)
Lagrangian and Hamiltonian mechanics. Principle of least action, EulerLagrange equations. Small oscillations and beyond. Symmetries, canonical transformations, HamiltonJacobi theory, actionangle variables. Introduction to classical field theory. Selected other topics, including nonlinear dynamical systems, attractors, chaotic motion. Undergraduates register for
Physics 110 (4 units). Graduates register for
Physics 210 (3 units). Prerequisites:
MATH 131P or
PHYSICS 111, and
PHYSICS 112 or MATH elective 104 or higher. Recommended prerequisite:
PHYSICS 130.
Terms: Aut

Units: 34

UG Reqs: GER: DBNatSci, WAYFR, WAYSMA

Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit
PHYSICS 112: Mathematical Methods for Physics
This course will cover methods of mathematical physics that are pertinent to physics. Topics include: Complex analysis, group theory, calculus of variations. Emphasis will be on indepth coverage of selected topics. Prerequisites: MATH 50 or 60 series
Terms: Win

Units: 4

UG Reqs: GER: DBNatSci, WAYFR

Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit
Instructors:
Raghu, S. (PI)
;
Son, J. (TA)
PHYSICS 113: Computational Physics
Numerical methods for solving problems in mechanics, astrophysics, electromagnetism, quantum mechanics, and statistical mechanics. Methods include numerical integration; solutions of ordinary and partial differential equations; solutions of the diffusion equation, Laplace's equation and Poisson's equation with various methods; statistical methods including Monte Carlo techniques; matrix methods and eigenvalue problems. Short introduction to Python, which is used for class examples and active learning notebooks; independent class projects make up more than half of the grade and may be programmed in any language such as C, Python or Matlab. No Prerequisites but some previous programming experience is advisable.
Terms: Spr

Units: 4

UG Reqs: GER: DBNatSci, WAYAQR, WAYFR

Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit
Instructors:
Cabrera, B. (PI)
PHYSICS 120: Intermediate Electricity and Magnetism I
Vector analysis. Electrostatic fields, including boundaryvalue problems and multipole expansion. Dielectrics, static and variable magnetic fields, magnetic materials. Maxwell's equations. Prerequisites:
PHYSICS 43 or PHYS 63;
MATH 52 and
MATH 53. Pre or corequisite: PHYS 111,
MATH 131P or
MATH 173. Recommended corequisite: PHYS 112.
Terms: Win

Units: 4

UG Reqs: GER: DBNatSci, WAYFR, WAYSMA

Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit
PHYSICS 130: Quantum Mechanics I
The origins of quantum mechanics and wave mechanics. Schrödinger equation and solutions for onedimensional systems. Commutation relations. Generalized uncertainty principle. Timeenergy uncertainty principle. Separation of variables and solutions for threedimensional systems; application to hydrogen atom. Spherically symmetric potentials and angular momentum eigenstates. Spin angular momentum. Addition of angular momentum. Prerequisites:
PHYSICS 65 or
PHYSICS 70 and
PHYSICS 111 or
MATH 131P or
MATH 173.
MATH 173 can be taken concurrently. Pre or corequisites:
PHYSICS 120.
Terms: Win

Units: 4

UG Reqs: GER: DBNatSci, WAYFR, WAYSMA

Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit
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