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INTLPOL 200: The Social & Economic Impact of Artificial Intelligence (CS 22A)

Recent advances in computing may place us at the threshold of a unique turning point in human history. Soon we are likely to entrust management of our environment, economy, security, infrastructure, food production, healthcare, and to a large degree even our personal activities, to artificially intelligent computer systems. The prospect of "turning over the keys" to increasingly autonomous systems raises many complex and troubling questions. How will society respond as versatile robots and machine-learning systems displace an ever-expanding spectrum of blue- and white-collar workers? Will the benefits of this technological revolution be broadly distributed or accrue to a lucky few? How can we ensure that these systems are free of algorithmic bias and respect human ethical principles? What role will they play in our system of justice and the practice of law? How will they be used or abused in democratic societies and autocratic regimes? Will they alter the geopolitical balance of power, and change the nature of warfare? The goal of CS22a is to equip students with the intellectual tools, ethical foundation, and psychological framework to successfully navigate the coming age of intelligent machines.
Terms: Win | Units: 1 | Grading: Satisfactory/No Credit
Instructors: ; Kaplan, J. (PI)

INTLPOL 204A: Microeconomics for Policy (PUBLPOL 51, PUBLPOL 301A)

Microeconomic concepts relevant to decision making. Topics include: competitive market clearing, price discrimination; general equilibrium; risk aversion and sharing, capital market theory, Nash equilibrium; welfare analysis; public choice; externalities and public goods; hidden information and market signaling; moral hazard and incentives; auction theory; game theory; oligopoly; reputation and credibility. Undergraduate Public Policy students may take PublPol 51 as a substitute for the Econ 51 major requirement. Economics majors still need to take Econ 51. Prerequisites: ECON 50 and MATH 51 or equiv.
Terms: Aut | Units: 4-5 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)

INTLPOL 204B: Economic Policy Analysis for Policymakers (PUBLPOL 301B)

This class provides economic and institutional background necessary to conduct policy analysis. We will examine the economic justification for government intervention and illustrate these concepts with applications drawn from different policy contexts. The goal of the course is to provide you with the conceptual foundations and the practical skills and experience you will need to be thoughtful consumers or producers of policy analysis. Prerequisites: ECON 102B or PUBLPOL 303D.
Terms: Spr | Units: 4-5 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)
Instructors: ; Bettinger, E. (PI)

INTLPOL 207B: Public Policy and Social Psychology: Implications and Applications (PSYCH 216, PUBLPOL 305B)

Theories, insights, and concerns of social psychology relevant to how people perceive issues, events, and each other, and links between beliefs and individual and collective behavior will be discussed with reference to a range of public policy issues including education, public health, income and wealth inequalities, and climate change, Specific topics include: situationist and subjectivist traditions of applied and theoretical social psychology; social comparison, dissonance, and attribution theories; stereotyping and stereotype threat, and sources of intergroup conflict and misunderstanding; challenges to universality assumptions regarding human motivation, emotion, and perception of self and others; also the general problem of producing individual and collective changes in norms and behavior.
Terms: Spr | Units: 4 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)
Instructors: ; Ross, L. (PI)

INTLPOL 213: International Mediation and Civil Wars

(Formerly IPS 213) This graduate seminar will examine international mediation efforts to achieve negotiated settlements for civil wars over the last two decades. Contending approaches to explain the success or failure of international mediation efforts will be examined in a number of cases from Africa (Sudan, Sierra Leone, Burundi), the Balkans (Bosnia, Macedonia), and Asia (Cambodia, Indonesia/Aceh). In addition to class attendance, each student will meet with the instructor for multiple one-on-one sessions during the quarter. Satisfies the IPS Policy Writing Requirement.
Terms: Win | Units: 3-5 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)
Instructors: ; Morris, E. (PI)

INTLPOL 214: Refugees in the Twenty-first Century

(Formerly IPS 214) The focus of this graduate seminar is policy dilemmas in international responses to massive population movements. In 2015 and 2016 hundreds of thousands of persons from the Middle East (particularly Syria) and Africa fled their home countries and attempted to cross into Europe by sea. In September 2016, the United Nations General Assembly unanimously adopted the "New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants". This political declaration aims to improve the international response to large movements of refugees and migrants, including protracted refugee situations. One of the many challenges confronting this multilateral diplomatic undertaking is that the definition of the word "refugee" is contested, as is the process to determine who is a refugee. This course will provide an immersive examination of the causes and consequences of refugee movements. This course is a seminar that requires full student attendance and participation. A focus of the course is to develop the skills of students in writing policy memos. Students will meet with the instructor for multiple one-on-one sessions on their policy memos.
Terms: Aut | Units: 3-5 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)
Instructors: ; Morris, E. (PI)

INTLPOL 221: Politics of Data: Algorithmic Culture, Big Data, and Information Waste

(Formerly IPS 221) This course examines the role of data and algorithms in politically significant phenomena such as fake news,Twitter bots, prediction markets, racial profiling, autonomous robotic weapons, cryptocurrencies, and hacked elections. Readings are drawn from science & technology studies, information science, anthropology, communication, media studies, legal theory, sociology, and computer science, with additional contributions from psychology and philosophy. Non-technical, but minimal familiarity with computers and data analysis is assumed. Assignments include reading logs, a midterm exam, and a term paper. NOTE: Undergraduate enrollment is limited to seniors.
Terms: Spr | Units: 3-4 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)
Instructors: ; Edwards, P. (PI)

INTLPOL 224: Economic Development and Challenges of East Asia (ECON 124)

(Formerly IPS 224) This course explores East Asia's rapid economic development and the current economic challenges. For the purpose of this course, we will focus on China, Japan, and Korea. The first part of the course examines economic growth in East Asia and the main mechanisms. In this context, we will examine government and industrial policy, international trade, firms and business groups, and human capital. We will discuss the validity of an East Asian model for economic growth. The second part of the course focuses on the current economic challenges confronting these countries, such as, political economy, human capital, inequality, and entrepreneurship and innovation. Readings will come from books, journal articles, reports, news articles, and case studies. Many of the readings will have an empirical component and students will be able to develop their understanding of how empirical evidence is presented in articles. Prerequisites: INTPOL 301B, Polisci150A(355A), Econ 102B or equivalent courses that cover regression analysis.
Terms: Win | Units: 3-5 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)
Instructors: ; Lee, Y. (PI)

INTLPOL 230: Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law (INTNLREL 114D, POLISCI 114D, POLISCI 314D)

This course explores the different dimensions of development - economic, social, and political - as well as the way that modern institutions (the state, market systems, the rule of law, and democratic accountability) developed and interacted with other factors across different societies around the world. The class will feature additional special guest lectures by Francis Fukuyama, Larry Diamond, Michael McFaul, Anna Grzymala-Busse, and other faculty and researchers affiliated with the Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law. Undergraduate students should enroll in this course for 5 units. Graduate students should enroll for 3.
Terms: Aut | Units: 3-5 | Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit

INTLPOL 231B: Understanding Russia: Its Power and Purpose in a New Global Order (POLISCI 213C, REES 231B)

Russia presents a puzzle for theories of socio-economic development and modernization and their relationship to state power in international politics. The collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 brought into being the new Russia (or Russian Federation) as its successor in international politics. Russia suffered one of the worst recessions and experienced 25 years of halting reform. Despite these issues, Russia is again a central player in international affairs. Course analyzes motivations behind contemporary Russian foreign policy by reviewing its domestic and economic underpinnings. Examination of concept of state power in international politics to assess Russia's capabilities to influence other states' policies, and under what conditions its leaders use these resources. Is contemporary Russia strong or weak? What are the resources and constraints its projection of power beyond its borders? What are the determinants of state power in international politics in the twenty-first century? Includes lectures, readings, class discussions, films and documentaries.
Terms: Win | Units: 5 | Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit
Instructors: ; Stoner, K. (PI)

INTLPOL 232: Foreign Policy Decision Making in Comparative Perspective (POLISCI 242, POLISCI 342)

This seminar will examine how countries and multilateral organizations make decisions about foreign and international policy. The hypothesis to be explored in the course is that individuals, bureaucracies, and interest groups shape foreign policy decisions. That hypothesis will be tested against other more structural explanations of how countries behave in the international system. After a brief review of the academic literature in the first part of the course, the seminar will focus on several cases studies of foreign policy decision-making by the United States, China, Russia, Iran, and North Korea, as well as the United Nations and NATO. This seminar is intended for masters students and fourth-year undergraduates. NOTE: The enrollment of the class is by application only. Please send a one page document to Mahlorei Bruce Apalis, by March 10th with the following information: full name, class year, major, contact email, which version of the course you want to enroll in (e.g., POLISCI or INTLPOL). In the document please also outline previous associated coursework and/or relevant experience and write why you want to enroll in the seminar. Application results will be announced on March 22nd. Any questions related to this course can be directed to Mahlorei Bruce Apalis.
Terms: Spr | Units: 3 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)
Instructors: ; McFaul, M. (PI)

INTLPOL 233: Presidential Decision Making in Wartime (A Practitioner's Handbook)

This course will analyze how presidents approach the most consequential matters of war and peace. It will discuss how presidents oversee military operations once initiated. It will consider how presidents can avoid embarking on objectives that are unlikely to succeed at reasonable cost.
Terms: Aut | Units: 3 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)
Instructors: ; McGurk, B. (PI)

INTLPOL 236: American Grand Strategy

This course examines the origin and practice of American grand strategy in foreign affairs. The course will cover the making of American grand strategy and focus on applying these models to evaluate trends in American foreign policy after World War II. The course will also explore alternative approaches to grand strategy from the perspective of China and Russia, ¿great power competitors¿ that the Trump administration has sought to define as a focal point for U.S. foreign policy. Throughout the quarter, we will consider the merits and risks of a ¿grand strategy¿ approach to the world after the end of the Cold War, and whether it is realistic in a hyper-partisan era to agree on bipartisan principles for America¿s proper role in the world. We will aim to develop such a set of principles. Enrollment priority will be given to graduate students.
Terms: Spr | Units: 3 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)

INTLPOL 238: Social Movements in the Post Spring Arab World

This course analyzes the role of social movements such as labor movements, student unions, women¿s movements, and human rights groups in shaping political realities in the Arab world after the brief period of democratic uprisings 2011-2013. It develops an in depth understanding of the challenges facing social movements in a social environment shaped by patriarchal values and in a political landscape driven by autocratic governments.
Terms: Win | Units: 4 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)
Instructors: ; Hamzawy, A. (PI)

INTLPOL 240: Contemporary Issues in International Security

This seminar examines a range of the most pressing international security challenges facing states today and explores theoretically informed and pragmatic policies for better addressing these challenges. Topics include but are not limited to nuclear proliferation, terrorism, insurgency, great power competition, and climate change. Students are expected to engage actively in class discussions, present on select course topics and critique class presentations. Enrollment priority will be given to students in the Master's in International Policy.
Terms: Win | Units: 4 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)
Instructors: ; Felter, J. (PI)

INTLPOL 241: International Security in a Changing World (POLISCI 114S)

This class examines the most pressing international security problems facing the world today: nuclear crises, non-proliferation, insurgencies and civil wars, terrorism, and climate change. Alternative perspectives - from political science, history, and STS (Science, Technology, and Society) studies - are used to analyze these problems. The class includes an award-winning two-day international negotiation simulation.
Terms: Win | Units: 5 | Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit

INTLPOL 244: U.S. Policy toward Northeast Asia

(Formerly IPS 244) This course offers a case-study approach to an examination of contemporary U.S. policy towards Japan, Korea, and China. It will look at the historical evolution of U.S. foreign policy and the dynamics and drivers of US policy in Northeast Asia. It will examine selected dimensions of US-China relations, US-Japan relations, and relations and policy toward South and North Korea. It will also discuss US relations with Russia and Taiwan. The class will focus on the cases of US security policy in the region, economic and trade policy, and human rights and democracy policy. Each week the class will combine lectures with student presentations in a seminar-style setting. Grades will be based on oral presentations, and on midterm and final take-home exams.
Terms: Win | Units: 4 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)

INTLPOL 246: China's Foreign Policies: Objectives, Instruments, and Impacts

(Formerly IPS 246) China is a global actor and its foreign policies are designed to protect and advance increasingly diverse interests in every country and region. Some interests and policies are common to all regions and have remained relatively stable over time; others are tailored to meet specific objectives and respond to the perceptions, objectives, and demands of particular countries. This course will help you to understand the domestic and international drivers and shapers of China¿s foreign policies and actions and how they have changed as China has become more developed, more prosperous, and more deeply integrated into the international system.
Terms: Aut | Units: 4 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)
Instructors: ; Fingar, T. (PI)

INTLPOL 250: International Conflict Resolution (PSYCH 383)

(Formerly IPS 250) (Same as LAW 5009; formerly Law 656) This seminar examines the challenges of managing and resolving intractable political and violent intergroup and international conflicts. Employing an interdisciplinary approach drawing on social psychology, political science, game theory, and international law, the course identifies various tactical, psychological, and structural barriers that can impede the achievement of efficient solutions to conflicts. We will explore a conceptual framework for conflict management and resolution that draws not only on theoretical insights, but also builds on historical examples and practical experience in the realm of conflict resolution. This approach examines the need for the parties to conflicts to address the following questions in order to have prospects of creating peaceful relationships: (1) how can the parties to conflict develop a vision of a mutually bearable shared future; (2) how can parties develop trust in the enemy; (3) how can each side be persuaded, as part of a negotiated settlement, to accept losses that it will find very painful; and (4) how do we overcome the perceptions of injustice that each side are likely to have towards any compromise solution? We will consider both particular conflicts, such as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the South African transition to majority rule, as well as cross-cutting issues, such as the role international legal rules play in facilitating or impeding conflict resolution, the ways intragroup dynamics affect intergroup conflict resolution efforts, and the role of criminal accountability for atrocities following civil wars. Special Instructions: Section 01: Grades will be based on class participation, written assignments, and a final exam. Section 02: Up to five students, with consent of the instructor, will have the option to write an independent research paper for Research (R) credit in lieu of the written assignments and final exam for Section 01. After the term begins, students (max 5) accepted into the course can transfer from section (01) into section (02), which meets the R requirement, with consent of the instructor.
Terms: Win | Units: 2 | Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit
Instructors: ; Weiner, A. (PI)

INTLPOL 252: Cyber Risk: A Multidisciplinary Approach

Our businesses, critical infrastructure and governments are under attack. Cyberattacks can be extremely complex or equally simple and reckless. Because of the unique attributes of cyberattacks, new risk management approaches are required to properly manage the cyber threat. Organizations must incorporate cyber risk management into business continuity planning. Technical security tools are useful, but not enough to protect organizations from cyber threats. Non-technical tools such as cyber insurance and the emerging field of defensive social engineering can complement technical solutions. Cyber metrics are essential to measuring and managing an organization¿s risk exposure and cyber defense budget. Policy and law is still emerging and extremely important for managing cyber risk. We will explore all these topics through this highly interactive course.
Terms: Spr | Units: 2-3 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)
Instructors: ; Falco, G. (PI)

INTLPOL 256: Technology and National Security: Past, Present, and Future (MS&E 193, MS&E 293)

Explores the relation between technology, war, and national security policy from early history to modern day, focusing on current U.S. national security challenges and the role that technology plays in shaping our understanding and response to these challenges. Topics include the interplay between technology and modes of warfare; dominant and emerging technologies such as nuclear weapons, cyber, sensors, stealth, and biological; security challenges to the U.S.; and the U.S. response and adaptation to new technologies of military significance.
Terms: Aut | Units: 3-4 | Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit

INTLPOL 258: Psychology, Influence, and Propaganda

Propaganda has been a tool of statecraft since humans first organized themselves into societies. How do tools such as these convince people to change their attitudes, beliefs or behavior? What factors affect the psychological process related to social influence and persuasion? And how does the increasing importance of digital media as an information source affect these processes? This course will address these issues by focusing on the ways in which misleading and/or patently false information spread in today's information ecosystem, often as a result of foreign adversaries' efforts to shape public perception through the use of propaganda as well as coordinated bot networks and Internet trolls.
Terms: Spr | Units: 4 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)

INTLPOL 259: Research Topics in Cyber Conflict and Information Warfare

Research seminar on cyber conflict and information warfare. Student and faculty member will agree on one or more topics for research, and student will prepare a topic-relevant paper of approximately 4000 words per unit. A longer paper on one topic or two or three shorter papers on different topics are acceptable. One in-class oral presentation on paper topic is required. May be repeated for credit.
Terms: Aut, Win, Spr, Sum | Units: 1-3 | Repeatable for credit | Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit
Instructors: ; Lin, H. (PI)

INTLPOL 268: Hack Lab

(Formerly IPS 268) This course aims to give students a solid understanding of the most common types of attacks used in cybercrime and cyberwarfare. Taught by a long-time cybersecurity practitioner, a recovering cyberlaw litigator, and a group of hearty, motivated TAs, each session will begin with a lecture covering the basics of an area of technology and how that technology has been misused in the past. Students will then complete a lab section, with the guidance of the instructor and assistants, where they attack a known insecure system using techniques and tools seen in the field. Each week, there will be a second lecture on the legal and policy impacts of the technologies and techniques we cover. By the end of the course, students are expected to have a basic understanding of some of the most common offensive techniques in use today as well as a comprehensive overview of the most important aspects of cyberpolicy and law. No computer science background is required. All students must have access to a Windows, Mac OS X or Linux laptop. Students must enroll in the lecture as well as one computer lab via Axess.
Terms: Aut | Units: 3 | Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit

INTLPOL 280: Transitional Justice, Human Rights, and International Criminal Tribunals (ETHICSOC 280, HUMRTS 103, INTNLREL 180A)

(Formerly IPS 280) Historical backdrop of the Nuremberg and Tokyo Tribunals. The creation and operation of the Yugoslav and Rwanda Tribunals (ICTY and ICTR). The development of hybrid tribunals in East Timor, Sierra Leone, and Cambodia, including evaluation of their success in addressing perceived shortcomings of the ICTY and ICTR. Examination of the role of the International Criminal Court and the extent to which it will succeed in supplanting all other ad hoc international justice mechanisms and fulfill its goals. Analysis focuses on the politics of creating such courts, their interaction with the states in which the conflicts took place, the process of establishing prosecutorial priorities, the body of law they have produced, and their effectiveness in addressing the needs of victims in post-conflict societies.
Terms: Spr | Units: 3-5 | Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit
Instructors: ; Cohen, D. (PI)

INTLPOL 281: Global Poverty and the Law

(Formerly IPS 281) With more than a billion people living on less than $2 a day, global poverty is one of the biggest challenges currently facing humanity. Even though those who suffer the most are located in the developing world, many of the policies, economic opportunities, and legal actions that offer the biggest potential for global poverty alleviation are made in the United States. This course will provide an introduction to the study of global poverty. What causes poverty? Why have some parts of the developing world done better at alleviating poverty than other parts? Can the world ever be free of poverty, as the World Bank's official motto suggests? And most importantly, what can aspiring lawyers do to improve the condition of the world's impoverished? These are some of the questions this course is designed to address. This course is designed especially for future lawyers and policymakers who seek a deeper understanding of the developing world. After a brief overview that will familiarize students with the major concepts and empirical debates in poverty and development studies, we will examine a variety of 'causes' of poverty, from poor governance to lack of economic opportunity to the role of society. Since this course is just as much about what can be done, we shall also consider applied approaches to poverty alleviation. These types of interventions include political/legal reforms such as anti-corruption initiatives, 'rule of law' interventions, right to information programs, privatization, and community-driven development models; economic solutions such as cash transfers and microfinance; and technological approaches such as new methods for measuring policy impact and the application of new technologies for state identification and distribution programs. In addition to more typical scholarly readings, students will review poverty alleviation policy proposals and contracts made by various stakeholders (academics, NGOs, states, international bodies, etc.). Grading is based on participation, a presentation of research or a proposal, and, in consultation with the professor, a research paper. The research paper may be a group project (Section 01) graded MP/R/F or an individual in-depth research proposal either of which could be the basis for future field research (Section 02) graded H/P/R/F. Students approved for Section 01 or Section 02 may receive R credit. After the term begins, students accepted into the course can transfer from Section 01 into Section 02 with consent of the instructor. Automatic grading penalty waived for research paper. This course is taught in conjunction with the India Field Study component ( Law 5026). Students may enroll for this course alone or for both this course and Law 5026 with consent of the instructor (12 students will come to India). See Law 5026 for application instructions. CONSENT APPLICATION: To apply for this course, students must complete and submit a Consent Application Form available on the SLS website (Click Courses at the bottom of the homepage and then click Consent of Instructor Forms). See Consent Application Form for instructions and submission deadline. Cross-listed with LAW 5025.
Terms: Win | Units: 3 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)

INTLPOL 290: Practical Approaches to Global Health Research (HRP 237, MED 226)

(Formerly IPS 290) How do you come up with an idea for a useful research project in a low resource setting? How do you develop a research question, prepare a concept note, and get your project funded? How do you manage personnel in the field, complex cultural situations, and unexpected problems? How do you create a sampling strategy, select a study design, and ensure ethical conduct with human subjects? This course takes students through the process of health research in under-resourced countries from the development of the initial research question and literature review to securing support and detailed planning for field work. Students progressively develop and receive weekly feedback on a concept note to support a funding proposal addressing a research question of their choosing. Aimed at graduate students interested in global health research, though students of all disciplines interested in practical methods for research are welcome. Undergraduates who have completed 85 units or more may enroll with instructor consent.
Terms: Win | Units: 1-3 | Grading: Medical Option (Med-Ltr-CR/NC)
Instructors: ; Luby, S. (PI)

INTLPOL 291: Theories of Change in Global Health (SOMGEN 207)

Open to graduate students studying in any discipline whose research work or interest engages global health. Upper-class undergraduates who have completed at least one of the prerequisite courses and who are willing to commit the preparatory time for a graduate level seminar class are welcome. The course undertakes a critical assessment of how different academic disciplines frame global health problems and recommend pathways toward improvements. Focuses on evaluating examples of both success and failure of different theories of change in specific global health implementations. Prerequisites: ECON 118, CEE 265D, HUMBIO 129S or HUMBIO 124C.
Terms: Spr | Units: 3-4 | Grading: Medical Option (Med-Ltr-CR/NC)
Instructors: ; Luby, S. (PI)

INTLPOL 298: Practical Training

(Formerly IPS 298) Students obtain internship in a relevant research or industrial activity to enhance their professional experience consistent with their degree program and area of concentration. Prior to enrolling, students must get the internship approved by the Master's in International Policy careers and student services teams. At the end of the quarter, a three page final report must be supplied documenting work done and relevance to degree program. Meets the requirements for Curricular Practical Training for students on F-1 visas. Student is responsible for arranging own internship. Limited to International Policy (INTLPOL) students only. May be repeated for credit.
Terms: Aut, Win, Spr, Sum | Units: 1-3 | Repeatable for credit | Grading: Satisfactory/No Credit

INTLPOL 299: Directed Reading

(Formerly IPS 299) Directed reading in International Policy. To be considered for enrollment, interested students must first submit the International Policy Directed Reading Proposal, which is available online ( and due no later than the second Friday of the academic quarter in which they would like to enroll. Proposal requires signature of the advising instructor. If approved, a directed reading section will be created for the instructor (if s/he does not already have a section). May be repeated for credit.
Terms: Aut, Win, Spr, Sum | Units: 1-5 | Repeatable for credit | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)

INTLPOL 300: Policy Seminar for MIP

(Formerly IPS 300) Seminars and speaker series offered by programs and centers at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies. Quarterly, students must attend a minimum of eight sessions that are relevant to their area of specialization. Details on speaker series and colloquia available on course Canvas site. Required for, and limited to, second-year students in International Policy (i.e., Class of 2020). May be repeated for credit.
Terms: Aut, Win, Spr | Units: 1 | Repeatable for credit | Grading: Satisfactory/No Credit
Instructors: ; Aturupane, C. (PI)

INTLPOL 300A: International Policy Speaker Series

Presentations on international policy topics by Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies faculty and guests. Includes discussion with students. Required for first-year M.A. students in International Policy. Optional for second-year M.A. students in International Policy (to be taken in place of INTLPOL 300). Enrollment is limited to MIP students.
Terms: Aut | Units: 1 | Grading: Satisfactory/No Credit

INTLPOL 300S: Leading Effective Teams

In this interactive course students will develop practical skills for leading effective teams, and will apply their learning in group projects (1st year) and in their capstone (2nd year). Topics include understanding of group development stages and different work styles, setting and tracking group norms, developing mutual accountability mechanisms to ensure productivity, creating efficient decision making processes, resolving conflict, and leveraging cultural diversity. Enrollment limited to first-year Master's in International Policy (MIP) students.
Terms: Spr | Units: 2 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)

INTLPOL 301A: Research Methods and Policy Applications I

The first quarter will cover the fundamentals of probability theory and statistics that students need in order to read, critically evaluate, and undertake policy-relevant quantitative research. Topics covered include random variables, probability distributions and their moments, inference, estimation, hypothesis testing, statistical power, and ordinary least squares regression. We will devote substantial time to "learning by doing" using statistics software. Students will use the R programming language to learn the basics of programming, generate data, manipulate real-world datasets, and demonstrate/visualize theoretical concepts in statistics and mathematics. We will present examples of real-world research and students will evaluate and demonstrate the extent to which it matches up with concepts covered in lecture.
Terms: Aut | Units: 5 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)

INTLPOL 301B: Research Methods and Policy Applications II

We will build on the basic knowledge of statistical methods from the previous quarter to further develop fundamentals for the design, implementation and interpretation of policy-relevant research. We will compare common observational and experimental research methodologies, with significant attention devoted to explaining the details of research design and associated assumptions. Topics include causal inference, the average treatment effect, sample size selection, partial compliance, selection bias and methods for accounting for it. Development of critical reading skills is emphasized through regular discussions of academic journal articles and popular media accounts of research. Practical aspects of undertaking research will also be covered, including efficient and cost-effective data collection, field team supervision, budget management, and ethical considerations. Once again, we will make extensive use of R software.
Terms: Win | Units: 5 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)

INTLPOL 302: The Global Economy

This course examines the economic inter-connectedness of nations. Among the topics covered are the causes and consequences of current account imbalances, exchange rate determination, monetary unification, financial and currency crises, and contagion. In addition, the course includes an assessment of key global financial institutions, such as the International Monetary Fund, and the global effort to reform the international financial architecture. The goal of the course is to equip students with the tools to analyze international macroeconomic issues, events, and policies. Students will analyze economic data of countries with a view to assessing the economic health and vulnerabilities of countries. They will propose policies to address the identified economic vulnerabilities, and will assess the feasibility of policy implementation. In addition, the "In the News" segment in class will discuss and analyze current events in areas relevant to the course. (This course was formerly IPS 202.) Enrollment limited to Master's in International Policy (MIP) students.
Terms: Aut | Units: 5 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)
Instructors: ; Aturupane, C. (PI)

INTLPOL 306: Decision Making in U.S. Foreign Policy

This course provides students with a theoretical and practical overview of the key elements of U.S. foreign policy, with a particular focus on the challenges, dilemmas, and constraints faced by contemporary U.S. decision makers in the executive branch. It is divided into three sections. The first discusses U.S. strategy from the founding of the republic to the present day. The second describes the major elements of national power used to advance U.S. interests and objectives: force, economic instruments, intelligence, and diplomacy. The third focuses on the key processes and constraints affecting national security policy, including bureaucratic politics and the interagency process, civil-military relations, constraints imposed by the U.S. Congress, and the role of outside influences (public opinion, interest groups, think tanks, and the media). Enrollment is limited to students in International Policy (MIP).
Terms: Win | Units: 5 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)
Instructors: ; Kahl, C. (PI)

INTLPOL 307: Policy Problem-Solving in the Real World

(Formerly IPS 216) This course introduces students to the MIP Policy Problem-Solving Framework that will be used in their second-year capstone. It will present both conceptual frameworks and concrete cases that help students define public problems, analyze potential solutions, and design implementation strategies for bringing about change in real-world situations. Required MIP core curriculum; enrollment from non-MIP students will be extremely limited and require consent from the instructor.
Terms: Spr | Units: 4 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)

INTLPOL 308: Comparative Public Policy

This course provides analytic tools and case studies to understand the policy making process in developing countries. Public policies in realms such as the regulation of financial markets, infrastructure investment, poverty relief programs, and public health systems are analyzed through the lens of a comparative institutionalist perspective, grounded in case studies from Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Required MIP core curriculum. Enrollment is limited to Master's in International Policy (MIP) students.
Terms: Spr | Units: 4 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)
Instructors: ; Diaz, A. (PI)

INTLPOL 310: Policy Change Studio

Collaboration with real-world partners to define solutions to pressing policy problems. Students work in teams and are guided by the teaching team, along with project-specific advice from a faculty mentor and an external advisor. Students may also travel in order to collect data and meet with stakeholders. The capstone course takes place winter and spring quarters of the second year and revolves around a cutting-edge policy-making framework. Drawing from methods learned in the core courses, each group will work through the framework in parallel, analyzing their problem, developing a solution, and navigating a successful implementation. (Enrollment limited to second-year International Policy students.)
Terms: Win, Spr | Units: 4 | Repeatable for credit | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)

INTLPOL 310A: Capstone Field Research

Students travel with their policy change studio teams to collaborate with partner organizations, gather data, perform assessments, and analyze in-country aspects of their capstone project. (Limited to International Policy students enrolled concurrently in INTLPOL 310: Policy Change Studio.)
Terms: Spr | Units: 1 | Grading: Satisfactory/No Credit

INTLPOL 321: Fundamentals of Cyber Policy and Security

This course will provide an introduction to fundamental issues in cyber policy and security. It will focus on the way that cyber issues impact people and organizations across sectors - from government and law to business, tech, and others - and how people and organizations can and should approach the myriad cyber challenges. This is not a technical or computer science course and no technical background nor prerequisites are necessary. In the first part of the course, we will introduce cyber policy and security fundamentals. The second part of the course will explore cyber policy and security aspects related to economics, psychology, law, warfare, international relations, critical infrastructure, privacy, and innovation. The third part of the course will be focused mostly on a number of case studies designed to simulate the challenges faced by policy-makers and executive-level decision makers. This course is heavily discussion-based and so attendance is required. Assignments will consist of three short papers and a take-home final exam. All graduate students are welcome to enroll, especially those in the international policy, law, and business programs. Undergraduate enrollment only by permission of instructor.
Terms: Win | Units: 4-5 | Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit
Instructors: ; Grotto, A. (PI)

INTLPOL 323: Free Speech, Democracy and the Internet

(LAW 7082) This course will cover contemporary challenges to democracy presented by the Internet. Topics will include disinformation, polarization, hate speech, media transformation, election integrity, and legal regulation of internet platforms in the U.S. and abroad. Guest speakers from academia and industry will present on these topics in each class session, followed by a discussion. Students will be responsible for one-page papers each week on the readings and a research paper to be turned in at the fall paper deadline. Students can take the seminar for either 2 or 3 units, depending on the research paper length. This class is limited to 30 students, with an effort made to have students from SLS (20 students will be selected by lottery) and 10 non-law students by consent of instructor. Elements used in grading: Attendance, Class Participation, Written Assignments, Final Paper. Cross-listed with COMM 153B/ 253B.
Terms: Win | Units: 2-3 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)
Instructors: ; Persily, N. (PI)

INTLPOL 350: International Law

(LAW 5013) This course provides a general introduction to international law and its role in today's complex and interdependent world. We will begin by considering fundamental questions about the nature of international law, such as: the origins of international law in the sovereign equality of states; the sources of international law (including treaties and customary international law); the subjects of international law; principles of state responsibility; the bases upon which states may exercise jurisdiction; and the global governance challenges arising from the absence of assured mechanisms for the interpretation or enforcement of international law. We will then examine the operation of international law in the U.S. legal system. In the second half of the course, we will look at a series of contemporary international law topics and issues, including international human rights law, the law governing coercion and the use of armed force, the law of armed conflict, international environmental law, and international criminal law. Throughout, we will consider current issues and problems arising in the international arena and the extent to which international law affects the behavior of states. This course provides a general grounding in public international law and a foundation for more advanced or specialized international law courses. Elements used in grading: Class participation, optional paper, and final exam. (Formally Law 479)
Terms: Spr | Units: 4 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)
Instructors: ; Weiner, A. (PI)

INTLPOL 351: Law of Democracy

(LAW 7036) This course is intended to give students a basic understanding of the themes in the legal regulation of elections and politics. We will cover all the major Supreme Court cases on topics of voting rights, reapportionment/redistricting, ballot access, regulation of political parties, campaign finance, and the 2000 presidential election controversy. The course pays particular attention to competing political philosophies and empirical assumptions that underlie the Court's reasoning while still focusing on the cases as litigation tools used to serve political ends. Elements used in grading: Class participation and final exam. Cross-listed with Comm 361 Polisci 327C. (Formerly Law 577)
Terms: Win | Units: 3 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)

INTLPOL 352: State Building and the Rule of Law Seminar

(LAW 5103) This Seminar is centrally concerned with bridging theory and practice. The seminar introduces the key theories relevant to state-building generally, and strengthening the rule of law in particular. This course explores the multidisciplinary nature of development --- through readings, lectures, guest lectures, case studies, and seminar discussions --- and asks how lawyers fit in and contribute to the process? The set of developing countries considered within the scope of this workshop is broad. It includes, among others, states engaged in post-conflict reconstruction, e.g., Cambodia, Timor Leste, Rwanda, Iraq, Sierra Leone; states still in conflict, e.g., Afghanistan, Somalia; the poorest states of the world that may not fall neatly into the categories of conflict or post-conflict, e.g., Nepal, Haiti; least developed states that are not marked by high levels of violent conflict at all, e.g., Bhutan; and more developed states at critical stages of transition, e.g., Tunisia, Georgia, Hungary. Grading is based on participation, a presentation of research or a proposal, and, in consultation with the professor, a research paper. The research paper may be a group project or an individual in-depth research proposal, either of which could be the basis for future field research. CONSENT APPLICATION: The seminar is open by consent to up to sixteen (16) JD, SPILS, and LLM students, and graduate students from other departments within Stanford University. This course is taught in conjunction with the India Field Study component (Law 5026). Students may enroll for this course alone or for both this course and Law 5026 with consent of the instructor (12 students will come to India). To apply for this course, students must complete and submit a Consent Application Form available on the SLS website (Click Courses at the bottom of the homepage and then click Consent of Instructor Forms). See Consent Application Form for instructions and submission deadline. (Formerly Law 259)
Terms: Aut | Units: 3 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)

INTLPOL 358: Business, Social Responsibility, and Human Rights

Large corporations now routinely spend millions of dollars to protect human rights and the environment. Shell Nigeria builds hospitals and schools in the Niger Delta. Nike employs hundreds of inspectors to improve conditions for the factory workers who produce its shoes across Asia and Latin America. Technology companies such as Facebook have scrambled to fend off the threat of new regulation since the Cambridge Analytica revelations. Other examples abound, across industries and around the globe. "Don't be evil" (Google's former motto) may be one motivation for these companies, but something more mundane is also at work: many companies believe they will do well, financially, if they do good, ethically. This course examines questions that lawyers in large law firms, corporations, NGOs, and government agencies regularly confront: --What does it mean for a company to "do good"? Should it care? --When does it serve a company's interest to take costly action to address human rights, labor, and environmental concerns? --What tactics have activists used to shift public opinion, media frames, and the law, and thereby change companies' incentives? We will learn through seminar-style discussion, lectures, role play, and small group exercises. Several guest speakers with experience in business, advocacy, or in between will provide insights from their experiences on the ground. Special Instructions: Students have the option to write a long research paper in lieu of the final exam with consent of instructor. Elements used in grading: Class Participation, Written Assignments; Final Exam or Final Paper. Cross-listed with the Law School (LAW 1047).
Terms: Aut | Units: 3 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)
Instructors: ; O'Connell, J. (PI)

INTLPOL 801: TGR Project

(Formerly IPS 801)
Terms: Aut, Win, Spr, Sum | Units: 0 | Grading: TGR
Instructors: ; Stoner, K. (PI)

INTLPOL 802: TGR Dissertation

(Formerly IPS 802)
Terms: Aut, Win, Spr, Sum | Units: 0 | Repeatable for credit | Grading: TGR
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