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GEOLSCI 1: Introduction to Geology (EARTHSYS 11)

Why are earthquakes, volcanoes, and natural resources located at specific spots on the Earth surface? Why are there rolling hills to the west behind Stanford, and soaring granite walls to the east in Yosemite? What was the Earth like in the past, and what will it be like in the future? Lectures, hands-on laboratories, in-class activities, and one field trip will help you see the Earth through the eyes of a geologist. Topics include plate tectonics, the cycling and formation of different types of rocks, and how geologists use rocks to understand Earth's history.
Terms: Spr | Units: 5 | UG Reqs: GER: DB-NatSci, WAY-AQR, WAY-SMA | Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit
Instructors: ; Sperling, E. (PI)

GEOLSCI 5: Living on the Edge (EARTH 15)

A weekend field trip along the Pacific Coast. Tour local beaches, geology, and landforms with expert guides from the School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences. Enjoy a BBQ dinner and stay overnight in tents along the coast. Get to know faculty and graduate students in Stanford Earth. Transportation, meals, and camping equipment are provided at no cost to student participants. Requirements: Three campus meetings (two pre-trip, one post-trip) and weekend field trip (Autumn Quarter: Section 01, October 26-27; Section 02, November 2-3; OR Section 03, November 16-17). Enrollment limited to 25 per weekend. Freshman have priority. If you are interested in signing up for the course, complete this form: https://forms.gle/bwLLH5RfXSu4bFo27. The form will open August 1, 2019.
Terms: Aut, Spr | Units: 1 | Grading: Satisfactory/No Credit

GEOLSCI 40N: Diamonds

Preference to freshmen. Topics include the history of diamonds as gemstones, prospecting and mining, and their often tragic politics. How diamond samples provide clues for geologists to understand the Earth's deep interior and the origins of the solar system. Diamond's unique materials properties and efforts in synthesizing diamonds.
Terms: Spr | Units: 3 | UG Reqs: GER: DB-NatSci, WAY-SMA | Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit

GEOLSCI 104: Introduction to Petrology (GEOLSCI 204)

The origin of igneous and metamorphic rocks as a function of geologic and plate tectonic setting. How to determine the temperature and pressure conditions of formation from mineral assemblages, textures, and compositions. Undergraduate students majoring in Geological Sciences must take the course for 4 units and complete a weekly lab section examining rocks in thin section. Prerequisite: introductory geology course, GEOLSCI102; those taking the lab must also have completed GEOLSCI103 or have equivalent experience with a petrographic microscope.
Terms: Spr | Units: 3-4 | Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit

GEOLSCI 105: Introduction to Field Methods

Two-week, field-based course in the White Mountains of eastern California. Introduction to the techniques for geologic mapping and geologic investigation in the field: systematic observations and data collection for lithologic columns and structural cross-sections. Interpretation of field relationships and data to determine the stratigraphic and deformational history of the region. Prerequisite: GEOLSCI 1, recommended: GEOLSCI 102.
Terms: not given this year | Units: 3 | UG Reqs: WAY-SMA | Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit
Instructors: ; Grove, M. (PI)

GEOLSCI 110: Rock Deformation and Tectonics (GEOLSCI 294)

Theory, principles, and practical techniques to measure, describe, analyze, and interpret deformation-related structures on Earth. Collection of fault and fold data in the field followed by lab and computer analysis; interpretation of geologic maps and methods of cross-section construction; structural analysis of fault zones and metamorphic rocks; measuring deformation; regional structural styles and associated landforms related to plate tectonic convergence, rifting and strike-slip faulting; the evolution of mountain belts and formation of sedimentary basins. Prerequisite: GEOLSCI 1, calculus. Recommended: 102, 105.
Terms: Spr | Units: 5 | UG Reqs: GER: DB-NatSci, WAY-SMA | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)
Instructors: ; Miller, E. (PI)

GEOLSCI 112: Geomorphology

Development of earth's landscapes and landforms by processes by rock uplift, weathering, hill slopes and flowing water, wind and ice. Analysis of the imprint, role, and legacy of climate and tectonics in shaping modern landscapes. Application of earth's surface processes to the evaluation of hazards posed by these phenomena.
Terms: Spr | Units: 3 | Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit

GEOLSCI 180: Igneous Processes (GEOLSCI 280)

For juniors, seniors and beginning graduate students in Earth Sciences. Structure and physical properties of magmas; use of phase equilibria and mineral barometers and thermometers to determine conditions of magmatic processes; melting and magmatic lineages as a function of tectonic setting; processes that control magma composition including fractional crystallization, partial melting, and assimilation; petrogenetic use of trace elements and isotopes. Optional labs emphasize identification of volcanic and plutonic rocks in thin section and interpretation of rock textures. Students taking the lab component should enroll in 4 units, as required for the Geological Sciences major; for the lab, GS 102, 103, or consent of instructor are prerequisites.
Terms: Spr | Units: 3-4 | UG Reqs: WAY-SMA | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)
Instructors: ; Stebbins, J. (PI)

GEOLSCI 184: Field Trip to Volcanoes of the Eastern Sierra Nevada

Four-day trip over Memorial Day weekend (involving light hiking and camping) to study silicic and mafic volcanism in the eastern Sierra Nevada: basaltic lavas and cinder cones erupted along normal faults bounding Owens Valley, Long Valley caldera, postcaldera rhyolite lavas, hydrothermal alteration and hot springs, Holocene rhyolite lavas of the Inyo and Mono craters, subaqueous basaltic and silicic eruptions of Mono Basin, floating pumice blocks. If snow-level permits, granites of Yosemite and/or silicic volcanism associated with the Bodie gold district. Recommended: 1 or equivalent. Limited enrollment; preference to frosh, sophs, and undergraduates and graduates majoring in SE3.nnPlease use this web form to enroll pending instructor approval: https://goo.gl/forms/wuWa3alANlrhkgTs1
Terms: Spr | Units: 1 | Grading: Satisfactory/No Credit

GEOLSCI 191: Stanford EARTH Field Courses (EARTH 191)

Four- to seven-day field trips to locations of geologic and environmental interest. Includes trips offered during Thanksgiving and Spring breaks. May be repeated for credit. The Winter 2019 trip is over Spring Break (March 23-29, 2019) in Owens Valley and Death Valley. If you are interested in participating in this course, complete this form: https://goo.gl/forms/B4uvL3JEqikEUDQ33. For general questions about the course, contact Ryan Petterson (rypett@stanford.edu). For questions about enrollment, contact Alyssa Ferree (aferree@stanford.edu).
Terms: Win, Spr | Units: 1 | Repeatable for credit | Grading: Satisfactory/No Credit
Instructors: ; Petterson, R. (PI)

GEOLSCI 192: Undergraduate Research in Geological Sciences

Field-, lab-, or literature-based. Faculty supervision. Written reports. May be repeated for credit.
Terms: Aut, Win, Spr, Sum | Units: 1-10 | Repeatable for credit | Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit
Instructors: ; Heim, N. (PI); Miller, E. (PI)

GEOLSCI 197: Senior Thesis

For seniors who wish to write a thesis based on research in 192 or as a summer research fellow. May not be repeated for credit; may not be taken if enrolled in 199.
Terms: Aut, Win, Spr, Sum | Units: 3-5 | Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit

GEOLSCI 198: Special Problems in Geological Sciences

Reading and instruction under faculty supervision. Written reports. May be repeated for credit.
Terms: Aut, Win, Spr, Sum | Units: 1-10 | Repeatable for credit | Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit

GEOLSCI 199: Honors Program

Research on a topic of special interest. See "Undergraduate Honors Program" above.nMay be repeated for credit.
Terms: Aut, Win, Spr, Sum | Units: 1-10 | Repeatable for credit | Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit

GEOLSCI 204: Introduction to Petrology (GEOLSCI 104)

The origin of igneous and metamorphic rocks as a function of geologic and plate tectonic setting. How to determine the temperature and pressure conditions of formation from mineral assemblages, textures, and compositions. Undergraduate students majoring in Geological Sciences must take the course for 4 units and complete a weekly lab section examining rocks in thin section. Prerequisite: introductory geology course, GEOLSCI102; those taking the lab must also have completed GEOLSCI103 or have equivalent experience with a petrographic microscope.
Terms: Spr | Units: 3-4 | Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit

GEOLSCI 206: Topics in Organismal Paleobiology

Seminar course covering an area of structural biology, physiology, or ecology relevant to understanding the fossil record, with the topic changing each time the course is offered. Examples of potential topics are biomineralization, fluid mechanics, biomechanics, taphonomy & biochemical preservation, and the functional morphology/fossil history of specific evolutionary groups such as vertebrates, insects, or plants.
Terms: Aut, Win, Spr | Units: 2-3 | Repeatable for credit | Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit
Instructors: ; Boyce, C. (PI)

GEOLSCI 213: Topics in Sedimentary Geology

For upper division undergraduates and graduate students. Topics vary each year but the focus is on current developments and problems in sedimentary geology, sedimentology, Archean geology, and basin analysis. These include issues in deep-water sediments, their origin, facies, and architecture; sedimentary systems on the early Earth; and relationships among tectonics, basin development, and basin fill. May be repeated for credit.
Terms: Aut, Win, Spr | Units: 1 | Repeatable for credit | Grading: Satisfactory/No Credit
Instructors: ; Lowe, D. (PI); Drabon, N. (SI)

GEOLSCI 253: Petroleum Geology and Exploration

The origin and occurrence of hydrocarbons. Topics: thermal maturation history in hydrocarbon generation, significance of sedimentary, structural and tectonic setting, trapping geometries and principles of accumulation, and exploration techniques. Prerequisites: 110, 151. Recommended: GEOPHYS 223.
Terms: Spr | Units: 3 | Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit

GEOLSCI 257: Clastic Sequence Stratigraphy

Sequence stratigraphy facilitates integration of all sources of geologic data, including seismic, log, core, and paleontological, into a time-stratigraphic model of sediment architecture. Tools applicable to regional and field scales. Emphasis is on practical applications and integration of seismic and well data to exploration and field reservoir problems. Examples from industry data; hands-on exercises.
Terms: Spr | Units: 3 | Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit
Instructors: ; McHargue, T. (PI)

GEOLSCI 259: Stratigraphic Architecture

The stratigraphic architecture of deposits associated with a spectrum of depositional environments, using outcrop and subsurface data. Participants read and discuss selected literature.
Terms: Aut, Spr | Units: 1 | Repeatable for credit | Grading: Satisfactory/No Credit
Instructors: ; McHargue, T. (PI)

GEOLSCI 260: Quantifying Uncertainty in Subsurface Systems

Broad conceptual overview of the various components required to uncertainty quantification (UQ) for decision making in subsurface engineering problems such as oil/gas production, groundwater management, contaminant remediation, geothermal energy and mineral deposits. The emphasis lies on learning how to synthesize rather than the details of each individual discipline. The class will cover the basic data science for UQ: dimension reduction methods, Monte Carlo & global sensitivity analysis. Introduction to Bayesianism and how it applies to subsurface prediction problems, in particular, the formulation of geological prior models and the role of geostatistics. Strategies for integrating geological science, geophysics, data science and decision science into decision making under uncertainty. Team work on real field applications.
Terms: Spr | Units: 3 | Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit
Instructors: ; Caers, J. (PI)

GEOLSCI 262: Thermodynamics and Disorder in Minerals and Melts

Structural disorder in crystalline and glassy silicate solids, and in liquids, plays a profound role in their thermodynamic and transport properties. This course will integrate microscopic views of the structure of minerals, glasses, and melts with macroscopic properties such as entropy, enthalpy, density, diffusivity and viscosity. How properties are actually measured, and how uncertainties in measurement affect large-scale scientific conclusions, will be discussed. Spectroscopic (as opposed to diffraction) techniques for determining short-range structure will be emphasized, as will the relationship of such data to models of properties. Basic formulations for configurational entropy, heats of mixing, activities; and the energetics of exsolution, phase transitions, and nucleation will be introduced, as will the principles underlying geothermometry and geobarometry. A basic knowledge of thermodynamics and mineralogy will be assumed.
Terms: Spr | Units: 3 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)

GEOLSCI 280: Igneous Processes (GEOLSCI 180)

For juniors, seniors and beginning graduate students in Earth Sciences. Structure and physical properties of magmas; use of phase equilibria and mineral barometers and thermometers to determine conditions of magmatic processes; melting and magmatic lineages as a function of tectonic setting; processes that control magma composition including fractional crystallization, partial melting, and assimilation; petrogenetic use of trace elements and isotopes. Optional labs emphasize identification of volcanic and plutonic rocks in thin section and interpretation of rock textures. Students taking the lab component should enroll in 4 units, as required for the Geological Sciences major; for the lab, GS 102, 103, or consent of instructor are prerequisites.
Terms: Spr | Units: 3-4 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)
Instructors: ; Stebbins, J. (PI)

GEOLSCI 283: Thermochronology and Crustal Evolution

Thermochronology analyzes the competition between radioactive in-growth and temperature-dependant loss of radiogenic isotopes within radioactive mineral hosts in terms of temperature-time history. Coupled with quantitative understanding of kinetic phenomena and crustal- or landscape-scale interpretational models, thermochronology provides an important source of data for the Earth Sciences, notably tectonics, geomorphology, and petrogenesis. Focus on recent developments in thermochronology, specifically analytical and interpretative innovations developed over the past decade. Integrates the latest thermochronology techniques with field work in a small-scale research project focused upon crustal evolution.
Terms: Spr | Units: 4 | Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit

GEOLSCI 290: Departmental Seminar in Geological Sciences

Current research topics. Presentations by guest speakers from Stanford and elsewhere. May be repeated for credit.
Terms: Aut, Win, Spr | Units: 1 | Repeatable for credit | Grading: Satisfactory/No Credit
Instructors: ; Sperling, E. (PI)

GEOLSCI 291: GS Field Trips

Field trips for teaching and research purposes. Trips average 5-10 days. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.
Terms: Spr | Units: 1 | Repeatable for credit | Grading: Satisfactory/No Credit

GEOLSCI 292: Directed Reading with Geological Sciences Faculty

May be repeated for credit.
Terms: Aut, Win, Spr, Sum | Units: 1-10 | Repeatable for credit | Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit

GEOLSCI 293B: Geology of China Field Trip

Reading and discussion of papers addressing current topics related to the geology of China. By invitation only. May be repeated for credit.
Terms: Spr | Units: 1 | Repeatable for credit | Grading: Satisfactory/No Credit

GEOLSCI 294: Rock Deformation and Tectonics (GEOLSCI 110)

Theory, principles, and practical techniques to measure, describe, analyze, and interpret deformation-related structures on Earth. Collection of fault and fold data in the field followed by lab and computer analysis; interpretation of geologic maps and methods of cross-section construction; structural analysis of fault zones and metamorphic rocks; measuring deformation; regional structural styles and associated landforms related to plate tectonic convergence, rifting and strike-slip faulting; the evolution of mountain belts and formation of sedimentary basins. Prerequisite: GEOLSCI 1, calculus. Recommended: 102, 105.
Terms: Spr | Units: 5 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)
Instructors: ; Miller, E. (PI)

GEOLSCI 299: Field Research

Two-three week field research projects. Written report required. May be repeated three times.
Terms: Aut, Win, Spr, Sum | Units: 2-4 | Repeatable for credit | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)

GEOLSCI 307: Research Proposal Development and Delivery (ESS 307)

In this class students will learn how to write rigorous, high yield, multidisciplinary proposals targeting major funding agencies. The skills gained in this class are essential to any professional career, particularly in research science. Students will write a National Science Foundation style proposal involving testable hypotheses, pilot data or calculations, and broader impact. Restricted to ESS and GS first-year graduate students.
Terms: Spr | Units: 2 | Grading: Letter (ABCD/NP)
Instructors: ; Chamberlain, P. (PI)

GEOLSCI 336: Stanford Alpine Project Seminar

Weekly student presentations on continental collision tectonics, sedimentology, petrology, geomorphology, climate, culture, and other topics of interest. Students create a guidebook of geologic stops in advance of field trip. May be repeated for credit.
Terms: Aut, Win, Spr | Units: 1 | Repeatable for credit | Grading: Satisfactory/No Credit
Instructors: ; Beroza, G. (PI)

GEOLSCI 385: Practical Experience in the Geosciences

On-the-job training in the geosciences. May include summer internship; emphasizes training in applied aspects of the geosciences, and technical, organizational, and communication dimensions. Meets USCIS requirements for F-1 curricular practical training.n (Staff)
Terms: Aut, Win, Spr, Sum | Units: 1 | Repeatable for credit | Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit

GEOLSCI 398: Teaching in Geological Sciences

Practical experience in teaching by serving as a teaching assistant in a geological sciences course.
Terms: Aut, Win, Spr, Sum | Units: 1 | Repeatable for credit | Grading: Satisfactory/No Credit

GEOLSCI 399: Advanced Projects

Graduate research projects that lead to reports, papers, or other products during the quarter taken. On registration, students designate faculty member and agreed-upon units.
Terms: Aut, Win, Spr, Sum | Units: 1-10 | Repeatable for credit | Grading: Letter or Credit/No Credit

GEOLSCI 400: Graduate Research

Faculty supervision. On registration, students designate faculty member and agreed-upon units.
Terms: Aut, Win, Spr, Sum | Units: 1-15 | Repeatable for credit | Grading: Satisfactory/No Credit

GEOLSCI 801: TGR Project

Terms: Aut, Win, Spr, Sum | Units: 0 | Repeatable for credit | Grading: TGR

GEOLSCI 802: TGR Dissertation

Terms: Aut, Win, Spr, Sum | Units: 0 | Repeatable for credit | Grading: TGR
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